Title

Sea Turtles

Document Type

Book Chapter

Document Subtype

Encyclopedia Article

Publication Date

2013

Publication Source

Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences:

DOI

DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.04352-9

Publisher

Elsevier

ISBN/ISSN

9780124095489

Peer Reviewed

yes

Abstract

Sea turtles evolved approximately 110 million years ago as their ancestors began to inhabit exclusively marine environments. Modern sea turtles now spend virtually their entire lives in the water where they breed, feed, and even sleep. As oviparous reptiles, however, female turtles periodically venture onto land to nest on tropical to sub-tropical sandy beaches. All sea turtles exhibit similar reproductive behavior but each species differs in dietary and habitat preferences. This chapter provides an overview of the taxonomy, morphology and ecology of the seven extant species of sea turtle: the flatback, green, hawksbill, Kemp’s ridley, leatherback, loggerhead, and olive ridley.

Keywords

Caretta, Chelonia, Dermochelys, Eretmochelys, Flatback, Green, Hawksbill, Kemp’s ridley, Leatherback, Lepidochelys, Loggerhead, Natator, Olive ridley

Disciplines

Animal Sciences | Biology

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