American Educational Research Association
San Diego, CA
This study investigates cultural influences on rhetorical patterns in the reflective essays of American and Korean children. In particular, it focuses on four rhetorical aspects: organizational structure, types of reasons, elements of argumentative discourse, and rhetorical forms. This study also investigates the effects of participation in collaborative discussions upon these four rhetorical features. Participants were teachers and fourth grade students in the U. S. and Korea. The results showed that in regard to organizational structure and types of reasons, there was no difference in the reflective essays of children from the two countries. However, with regard to argumentative elements and rhetorical forms, there was significant difference between Korean children’s essays and American children’s essays.
IL-HEE KIM, Richard C. Anderson, Brian W. Miller, Jongseong Jeong, and Terri Jo Swim (2009).
Cross-cultural Study of American and Korean Students’ Reflective Essays and Collaborative Literature Discussions. Presented at American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA.