Title

The Feasibility of Using Text-based Online Chat for Communicative Focus on Form

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

Summer 2010

Publication Source

Multimedia-Assisted Language Learning

Volume

13

Issue

2

Inclusive pages

37-58

Publisher

KAMALL

ISBN/ISSN

1229-8107

Peer Reviewed

yes

Abstract

This study investigated the issue of whether focus on form instruction using
text-based online chat has adequate feasibility primarily from participating
learners’ perspectives. A three-week English learning program was designed to
help college students practice interaction in English outside their regular English class hours. Thirty-two students at a university in Korea interacted with the researcher via Windows Live Messenger. The learners practiced chatting in
week 1 and participated in a role-play task in week 2. During the task, the
researcher corrected their errors and helped them with their form related
questions. In week 3, they completed a review task based on the chat script and filled out a questionnaire. It was found that the learners evaluated focus on form (corrective feedback and the researcher’s answers to their questions), role-play task, and text-based online chat positively, with focus on form being more positively evaluated than the others. This finding suggests that imbedding focus on form within an L2 learning program based on text-based online chat contributes to learner satisfaction, and thus makes it a feasible approach to addressing the learners’ needs for various English forms outside the classroom.

Disciplines

Education

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