Title

A Longitudinal Examination of a Merit Pay System: Relationships Between Performance Ratings, Merit Increases and Total Pay Increases

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

10-1998

Publication Source

Journal of Applied Psychology

Volume

83

Issue

5

Inclusive pages

825-831

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.83.5.825

ISBN/ISSN

00219010

Abstract

Although considerable research has addressed the relationship between performance ratings and pay increases, this literature has been criticized for 2 reasons. First, most researchers have ignored the fact that performance ratings may have not only a direct effect on pay but also an indirect effect through promotions and market adjustments. Second, almost all of the research has been cross-sectional. We studied the relationships between performance ratings and salary raises by using longitudinal data and found that performance ratings correlated more with total pay increases than with merit pay increases. Compared with the average cross-sectional correlation, the use of aggregated data (over time) resulted in a larger performance rating–merit pay increase relationship.

Keywords

gilbreath, merit pay system, performance ratings, merit increases, total pay increases

Disciplines

Industrial and Organizational Psychology | Organizational Behavior and Theory

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