Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-2016

Publication Source

Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal

Inclusive pages

1-24

DOI

DOI 10.1007/s10672-016-9278-9

Publisher

Springer

Peer Reviewed

yes

Abstract

The current study examines the relationship between adult attachment style and both perceived psychological contract breach and affective organizational commitment in a sample of college students with employment experience. Attachment style is argued to be an individual difference factor that affects how an individual perceives organizational events based on theory and existing empirical research related to adult attachment style. Individuals with insecure attachment styles were predicted to perceive more psychological contract breach and have lower levels of affective organizational commitment. The results reveal that individuals with higher levels of preoccupied and dismissive attachment styles perceived higher levels of psychological contract breach, and preoccupied attachment style significantly and negatively relates to affective organizational commitment. The relationship between attachment style and psychological contract dimensions was stronger for relational than transactional contract dimensions. Evidence is also found that perceived psychological contract breach mediates the relationship between preoccupied attachment style and affective commitment. Future potential research directions are described. The implications of these findings for managerial practice is discussed.

Keywords

Affective organizational commitment; Psychological contract; Attachment theory; Psychological contract breach; Adult attachment

Disciplines

Industrial and Organizational Psychology | Organizational Behavior and Theory

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