Hegel and Freud: A Comparison
Philosophy and Phenomenological Research
This article compares Freud and Hegel, arguing that Freud independently uncovered and used the Hegelian dialectical method. It is argued that Freud used the method in reconstructing the psycho-sexual development of the individual begining with sense-certainty in the Phenomenology of Spirit and proceeding through the dialectic of self-consciousness. The development in prehistory from food-gathering (oral assimilative stage) through hunting (anal aggressive stage), the pastoral and agricultural stages (lordship and bondage) to the city state (stoici stage), is briefly presented. This article was revised and developed further in the author's The Dialectical Method: A Treatise Hegel Never Wrote (Prometheus Books: 2012), ch. 8.
Freud, Hegel, psychoanalysis, Phenomenology of Spirit, sense certainty (Hegel), consciousness (Hegel), self-consciousness (Hegel)
Clark Butler (1976).
Hegel and Freud: A Comparison. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.36 (4), 506-522.