Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2010

Publication Source

Chaos

Volume

20

Issue

3

Inclusive pages

033109

Publisher

American Institute of Physics

Peer Reviewed

yes

Abstract

Autocatalytic reaction fronts generate density gradients that may lead to convection. Fronts propagating in vertical tubes can be flat, axisymmetric, or nonaxisymmetric, depending on the diameter of the tube. In this paper, we study the transitions to convection as well as the stability of different types of fronts. We analyze the stability of the convective reaction fronts using three different models for front propagation. We use a model based on a reaction-diffusion-advection equation coupled to the Navier–Stokes equations to account for fluid flow. A second model replaces the reaction-diffusion equation with a thin front approximation where the front speed depends on the front curvature. We also introduce a new low-dimensional model based on a finite mode truncation. This model allows a complete analysis of all stable and unstable fronts.

Keywords

pattern formation, fluid mechanics, reactive flow

Disciplines

Physics

Included in

Physics Commons

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