Title

Risk Sensitivity and the Sikh Uprising in the Punjab

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2017

Publication Source

India Quarterly

Volume

73

Issue

3

Inclusive pages

327-341

DOI

10.1177/0974928417716213

Peer Reviewed

yes

Abstract

Risk sensitivity combined with prospect theory and framing concepts can be quite useful in explaining which individuals and groups can become radicalized and more likely to resort to terrorism to achieve their political and economic objectives. Such radicalization can occur with groups willing to use violence for major gains and for groups seeking to prevent significant losses of status or wealth. The Sikh uprising in the Punjab in the latter part of the twentieth century is an example of terrorism based not on poverty but as part of an effort to preserve or regain a relatively advantageous position. The Sikhs were in a somewhat advantageous situation in India but faced increasing challenges to their economic, political, and social position in the Punjab and in India in general. The counterterrorism policies of the government contributed to the perception of threat that further radicalized the Sikh community.Risk sensitivity combined with prospect theory and framing concepts can be quite useful in explaining which individuals and groups can become radicalized and more likely to resort to terrorism to achieve their political and economic objectives. Such radicalization can occur with groups willing to use violence for major gains and for groups seeking to prevent significant losses of status or wealth. The Sikh uprising in the Punjab in the latter part of the twentieth century is an example of terrorism based not on poverty but as part of an effort to preserve or regain a relatively advantageous position. The Sikhs were in a somewhat advantageous situation in India but faced increasing challenges to their economic, political, and social position in the Punjab and in India in general. The counterterrorism policies of the government contributed to the perception of threat that further radicalized the Sikh community.

Keywords

Sikh uprising, terrorism, risk sensitivity, framing, prospect theory

Disciplines

Comparative Politics | Political Science

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