Title

The Stereotype Consistency Effect is Moderated by Group Membership and Trait Valence.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2013

Publication Source

Journal of Social Psychology

Volume

153

Issue

1

Inclusive pages

51-61

Peer Reviewed

yes

Abstract

People generally have better memories for traits that are stereotypic consistent rather than stereotypic inconsistent. From social identity theory, we hypothesized that this stereotype consistency effect would be moderated by group membership and trait valence. Specifically, we expected the typical stereotype-consistency effect when the target person was an outgroup member (different ethnicity from the participant). However, if the target person was an ingroup member (same ethnicity as the participant) we expected stereotypicality to facilitate memory for positive traits, but not negative traits. Participants (N = 104) read a series of statements about an ingroup member or an outgroup member and subsequently completed a memory test. The results confirmed our main prediction. The findings have implications for social identity theory, social cognition research, and for understanding intergroup relations.

Keywords

Social identity, stereotype consistency effect, stereotypes, traits

Disciplines

Psychology

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