Title

Do students need sense of community in online learning environments? Sense of community and student satisfaction, achievement, and retention in an online course

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

Fall 2008

Publication Source

Quarterly Review of Distance Education

Volume

11

Issue

3

Inclusive pages

147–159

ISBN/ISSN

1528-3518

Peer Reviewed

yes

Abstract

In this study, face-to-face (FTF) and online students' (N = 198) feelings of and desire for sense of community (SOC) in their courses were compared. In support of previous research, FTFstudents felt more SOC than online students. However, overall, relatively few students (FTF or online) expressed desire for SOC. Additionally, regression analyses revealed that different sets ofstudent characteristics predict FTF and online students' connectedness and desire for more SOC. Results are discussed with regard to the recommendation that SOC should be fostered in FTF and online classrooms, and future directions for research are presented.

Keywords

Online courses *Distanceeducation *Students -- Psychology *computer assisted instruction *Virtual universities & colleges *Internet in education

Disciplines

Psychology

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