Control Over Noxious Events and Choice
Animal Learning and Behavior
Three experiments are reported assessing whether rats prefer controllable over uncontrollable aversive shock. In Experiment 1, subjects chose between escapable and inescapable shock while relative shock duration varied parametrically. In Experiment 2, subjects again chose between escapable and inescapable shock, but duration was held constant and equal. The final experiment gave subjects a choice between avoidable and unavoidable shock under several signaling conditions. Choice behavior proved sensitive to relative shock duration and to predictability of shock but not to controllability of shock.
Bruce B. Abbott and Pietro Badia (1979).
Control Over Noxious Events and Choice. Animal Learning and Behavior.7, 149-156.