Interpersonal and Dispositional Influences on Problem-Related Interactions
Journal of Research in Personality
Verbal behaviors in problem-related interactions were identified employing two theoretical frameworks: a functional social support framework and a framework consisting of emotion-focused strategies (transformational versus assimilative) and one emotion-avoidant strategy. Dispositional need for emotional support (an aspect of affiliative need) was related to greater levels of emotionally supportive interaction behaviors (functional support). Interpersonal skill was associated with greater levels of emotion-focused transformational behavior. Transformational behaviors were related to positive changes in perceptions of one's problem. Emotion-focused and functional support behaviors in general were related to more positive perceptions of the interaction partner. The link among personality variables, interaction behaviors, and problem-related perceptions is important in understanding the exact processes by which coping and social support exert beneficial effects on well-being.
Craig A. Hill (1996).
Interpersonal and Dispositional Influences on Problem-Related Interactions. Journal of Research in Personality.30 (1), 1-22.