Title

Predictors of Successful Return to Work from HIV-Related Disability

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2004

Publication Source

Journal of HIV/AIDS and Social Services

Volume

3

Issue

3

Inclusive pages

89-96

DOI

10.1300/J187v03n03_07

Abstract

This study examines factors distinguishing HIV-infected persons who successfully return to work (RTW) from those who do not. Records were obtained from 135 participants in a return to work program; these were matched with the records of 135 persons who did not return to work. Matching was made on the basis of age, gender, race, CD4 counts, and length of time in treatment. The return to work group had a greater total number of mental health diagnoses than the non-return group; however, when type of diagnosis was controlled for, the non-return group had greater number of substance use disorders. It appears that substance use disorders preclude a successful return to the workforce, while accessing the mental health treatment system may actually facilitate a return to work. Careful psychosocial assessment of clients on entry into the primary care clinic can aid referrals directly into a RTW program or into services that would facilitate an eventual return to work.

Keywords

HIV/AIDS, return to work, psychosocial assessment, mental health treatment

Disciplines

Psychology

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