Department of International Language and Cultural Studies
Indiana University – Purdue University Fort Wayne
Research measuring students’ accuracy of ser and estar in Spanish shows an order of acquisition (Van Patten, 1985 & 1987). Other research has looked at this phenomenon and confirmed this order while discovering other steps in the process.
Bethany Brown, Janet Dixon, Marisol Martinez, Sherina Miller, Megan Smith, Bianca Welch, Sarah Westrick, and Rachel Whiteley (2010).
Ser and Estar Acquisition by Indiana-Purdue University Students.