Department of Psychology
Indiana University – Purdue University Fort Wayne
According to attachment theory (Bowlby, 1973) individuals construct “internal working models” based on interactions they experienced with attachment figures early in development. These internal working models are representations used to guide expectations of the self, others, and relationships between the two. Internal working models based on childhood memories of parental rejection have found to be associated with avoidant behaviors later on in adulthood. According to Leerkes and Crockenberg (2006) women who recalled emotional rejection during childhood demonstrated less empathy for distressed infants and displayed more negative emotions in response to infant distress.
Melissa McFadden-Skeel and Tracy Row (2010).
Neuroticism, Childhood Rejection, and Perceptions of Intrusive Parent-Child Interactions.