Studies show that throughout the past few decades, single parenthood has been on the rise, including voluntary single parenthood. Research on societal perceptions of voluntary single parenthood seems to be lacking. This study broke new ground by exploring societal views, specifically adult Christian views, on voluntary single parenthood by way of adoption, in vitro fertilization, and surrogacy.
Lauren Powers, Leah Kneubuhler, Annaleah Garey, and Monica Salvo (2011).
Perceptions on Voluntary Single Parenthood.