Continuity and Transformation During the Terminal Middle Horizon (AD 950-1150): A Bioarchaeological Assessment of Tumilaca Origins Within the Moquegua Valley, Peru
Latin American Antiquity
Previous archaeological studies suggest that terminal Middle Horizon Tumilaca populations (cal A.D. 950–1150) of the middle Moquegua Valley represent direct descendants of earlier Chen Chen-style Tiwankau colonists of the region. This study tests this idea by comparing dentally derived biodistance analyses of Tumilaca, Chen Chen-style, Tiwanaku, and other regional samples. The results indicate that the Tumilaca and Chen Chen-style mortuary samples are similar to one another suggesting that these populations might share an ancestral-descendant relationship. The phenetic relations of the Tumilaca and Chen Chen to other regional samples are also discussed.
Richard C. Sutter, N. Sharratt, and B. Owen (2010).
Continuity and Transformation During the Terminal Middle Horizon (AD 950-1150): A Bioarchaeological Assessment of Tumilaca Origins Within the Moquegua Valley, Peru. Latin American Antiquity.21 (1), 67-86.