Influence of Cultural Norms and Collaborative Discussions on Children’s Reflective Essays
Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
This study investigated the influence of culture and discussion participation on rhetorical patterns in the reflective essays of 238 Korean and 196 American 4th- graders. Results showed significant differences between Korean children’s essays and American children’s essays in types of reasons, uses of argument elements, and uses of rhetorical forms; but no difference in organizational structure. The effects of free-flowing collaborative discussions on children’s essays interacted with culture. After participating in a series of discussions, Korean children made larger gains than American children in use of elements of argumentative discourse.
IL-Hee Kim, Richard C. Anderson, Brian Miller, Jongseong Jeong, and Terri J. Swim (2011).
Influence of Cultural Norms and Collaborative Discussions on Children’s Reflective Essays. Discourse Processes.48 (7), 501-528. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.