Volumetric imaging of brain activity with spatial-frequency decoding of neuromagnetic signals
Journal of Neuroscience Methods
Place of Publication
Background: The brain generates signals in a wide frequency range (∼2840 Hz). Existing magnetoen-cephalography (MEG) methods typically detect brain activity in a median-frequency range (1–70 Hz).The objective of the present study was to develop a new method to utilize the frequency signatures forsource imaging.New method: Morlet wavelet transform and two-step beamforming were integrated into a systematicapproach to estimate magnetic sources in time–frequency domains. A grid-frequency kernel (GFK) wasdeveloped to decode the correlation between each time–frequency representation and grid voxel. Brainactivity was reconstructed by accumulating spatial- and frequency-locked signals in the full spectraldata for all grid voxels. To test the new method, MEG data were recorded from 20 healthy subjects and3 patients with verified epileptic foci.Results: The experimental results showed that the new method could accurately localize brain activationin auditory cortices. The epileptic foci localized with the new method were spatially concordant withinvasive recordings.Comparison with existing methods: Compared with well-known existing methods, the new method isobjective because it scans the entire brain without making any assumption about the number of sources.The novel feature of the new method is its ability to localize high-frequency sources.Conclusions: The new method could accurately localize both low- and high-frequency brain activities.The detection of high-frequency MEG signals can open a new avenue in the study of the human brainfunction as well as a variety of brain disorders.
Brain; High-frequency oscillation; Magnetoencephalography; Neuroimaging; Spatial filter; Wavelet
Bioelectrical and Neuroengineering | Engineering
Jing Xiang, Abraham Korman, Kasun M. Samarasinghe, Xiaopei Wang, Fawen Zhang, Hui Qiao, Bo Sun, Fengbin Wang, Howard H. Fan, and Elizabeth A. Thompson (2015).
Volumetric imaging of brain activity with spatial-frequency decoding of neuromagnetic signals. Journal of Neuroscience Methods.239, 114-128. Netherlands: Elsevier.