Joint Workspace of Parallel Kinematic Machines
Robotics and Computer Integrated Manufacturing
Place of Publication
Robot workspace is the set of positions a robot can reach. Workspace is one of the most useful measures for the evaluation of a robot. Workspace is usually defined as the reachable space of the end-effector in Cartesian coordinate system. However, it can be defined in joint coordinate system in terms of joint motions. In this paper, workspace of the end-effector is called task workspace, and workspace of the joint motions is called joint workspace. Joint workspace of a parallel kinematic machine (PKM) is focused, and a tripod machine tool with three degrees of freedom (DOF) is taken as an example. To study the joint workspace of this tripod machine tool, the forward kinematic model is established, and an interpolating approach is proposed to solve this model. The forward kinematic model is used to determine the joint workspace, which occupies a portion of the domain of joint motions. The following contributions have been made in this paper include: (i) a new concept so-called joint workspace has been proposed for design optimization and control of a PKM; (ii) an approach is developed to determine joint workspace based on the structural constraints of a PKM; (iii) it is observed that the trajectory planning in the joint coordinate system is not reliable without taking into considerations of cavities or holes in the joint workspace.
Parallel kinematic machine (PKM); Joint workspace; Forward kinematics; Polynomial equations; Trajectory planning; Tripod machine tool; Optimization
Zhuming M. Bi and S. Y. T. Lang (2009).
Joint Workspace of Parallel Kinematic Machines. Robotics and Computer Integrated Manufacturing.25 (1), 57-63. United Kingdom: Pergamon Press.