What is the Relationship Between Waterfowl Population and the MPN of a Zoo’s Pond in Indiana

Document Type


Document Subtype


Presentation Date

Fall 11-1-2015

Conference Name

National GSA meeting

Conference Location

Baltimore, MD







Peer Review



MCMICHAEL, Kaitlin N., Geosciences, Indiana University-Purdue University Ft. Wayne (IPFW), Fort Wayne, IN 46805 and ISIORHO, K. Solomon, Geosciences, Indiana University - Purdue University Fort Wayne (IPFW), Fort Wayne, IN 46805-1499, mcmikn1110@gmail.com As part of my upper level environmental class, I chose to examine the impact of the increasing Canadian geese population on water quality. Within the last 40 years, Indiana has seen a substantial growth in its population of Canadian Geese. This rise in population may mean that a larger amount of fecal matter is being produced, and may be detrimental to the water quality and other pond inhabitants. To test this hypothesis, water samples were taken from a pond in a city zoo, in the Midwest where a substantial growth in goose population has been observed, and compared to a retention pond of roughly the same shape and size with a much lower waterfowl population. The water samples, for the zoo pond and the residential pond were tested using the most probable number test (MPN), and both samples were then tested for E. coli using eosin methylene blue (EMB) agar. The water from the pond in the zoo had a very high bacterial count (240/100ml) and tested positive for E. coli. The water from the residential pond with a substantially smaller waterfowl population had a very low bacteria count (43/100ml) and the E. coli test was negative. Although it is an ongoing project, the current results seem to point to the fact that larger populations of waterfowl may have a negative effect on the water quality of the ponds they frequent.


water fowl, zoo, water quality


Earth Sciences | Environmental Sciences

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