Waste Management Practices in Nigeria: Impacts and Mitigation

Document Type

Edited Volume

Document Subtype

Book/Media Review

Publication Date


Publication Source

Geoscience for the Public Good and Global Development: Toward a Sustainable Future: Geological Society of America Special Paper 520,


Geological Society Special Paper 520

Inclusive pages





The Geological Society of America

Peer Reviewed



Waste management practices in Nigeria: Impacts and mitigation

David O. Omole

Department of Civil Engineering, Covenant University, KM 10 Idiroko Road, Canaanland, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria, and Department of Civil Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, Private Bag X680, Pretoria, 0001, South Africa

Solomon A. Isiorho*

Department of Geosciences, Indiana University–Purdue University Fort Wayne (IPFW), Fort Wayne, Indiana 46805, USA

Julius M. Ndambuki

Department of Civil Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, Private Bag X680, Pretoria, 0001, South Africa


We reviewed the current state of waste management practices in Nigeria using examples from different parts of the country. Commonly practiced waste disposal methods in Nigeria, such as burial, open-air burning, and open dumping, were found to be ineffective and detrimental to public health and the environment. It was also shown that waste management cannot be successfully operated as a social service. Rather, the generator of waste must be held responsible. Problems confronting effi- cient waste management in Nigeria include the proliferation of unplanned settle- ments, traffic congestion, insecurity, and ignorance. An experimental model being used in Lagos State for the management of wastes may be the solution. Given the rate of population growth, industrialization, and urbanization, forward-looking and effective waste management plans need to be set in motion for the protection of public health. Such plans must involve all stakeholders, including the waste generators, the private sector, the informal sector, and regulatory agencies.


waste management, environment, mitigation, Nigeria


Civil and Environmental Engineering | Earth Sciences

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