Determining the Role of Attentional Control among Construction Workers in Improving Safety Performance
Construction Research Congress
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Source of Publication
Proceedings of the 2016 Construction Research Congress, CRC 2016
American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Human error is the most dominant factor in approximately 70 to 80% of safety-related accidents in the construction industry. The inability to exert attentional control has proven to be a contributing factor in many injuries, such as falls, slips, and trips in field construction activities. The sources of attention in the human brain can be categorized into three networks: alertness, orientation, and executive control. This paper focuses on an investigation of specific links between the three attentional networks and safety-related risks among construction workers. Subsequently, this paper aims to test the hypothesis that construction workers with high attentional control are able to recognize and perceive more safety hazards than those with lower attentional control. To address it, work experience and knowledge on safety information of participants is evaluated using a questionnaire. Then, the attention network test (ANT) is conducted to assess the efficiency of the three attention networks of participants. Finally, an experiment using photos of potential hazards in the workplace is performed to evaluate the ability of participants to recognize and perceive safety hazards followed by a statistical analysis. The paper makes recommendation based on the conducted experiment as well as statistical result.
Occupational risks, Accident prevention, Construction industry, Hazards, Safety factor, Construction activities, Construction safety, Construction workers, Contributing factor, Network test, Safety information, Safety performance, Attention network test, Attentional control, Construction safety hazards, Source of attention
Construction Engineering and Management | Manufacturing
Atefeh Mohammadpour, Somayeh Asadi, and Ebrahim Karan (2016).
Determining the Role of Attentional Control among Construction Workers in Improving Safety Performance. Proceedings of the 2016 Construction Research Congress, CRC 2016. 2793-2800. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE).Presented at Construction Research Congress, San Juan, Puerto Rico.