Black and White Women Managers: Access to Opportunity
Human Resource Development Quarterly
This study explores the differing views of Black and White female managers regarding access to key career opportunities for White women and women of color. Items addressed include access to hiring, promotions, key assignments, salary increases, acknowledgment for work, and mentors. Access to each is described by comparing White women and women of color to one another, to White men, and to men of color. Chi-square analyses of survey responses from the 276 U.S. participants showed that most of the White respondents consistently perceived equal access to career opportunities for women of color. In contrast, most of the Black participants indicated that disparity exists in career opportunities available to women of color compared to White men and women. The implications of these results are discussed.
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Industrial and Organizational Psychology | Organizational Behavior and Theory
Linda M. Hite (2004).
Black and White Women Managers: Access to Opportunity. Human Resource Development Quarterly.15 (2), 131-146.