Do students need sense of community in online learning environments? Sense of community and student satisfaction, achievement, and retention in an online course
Quarterly Review of Distance Education
In this study, face-to-face (FTF) and online students' (N = 198) feelings of and desire for sense of community (SOC) in their courses were compared. In support of previous research, FTFstudents felt more SOC than online students. However, overall, relatively few students (FTF or online) expressed desire for SOC. Additionally, regression analyses revealed that different sets ofstudent characteristics predict FTF and online students' connectedness and desire for more SOC. Results are discussed with regard to the recommendation that SOC should be fostered in FTF and online classrooms, and future directions for research are presented.
Online courses *Distanceeducation *Students -- Psychology *computer assisted instruction *Virtual universities & colleges *Internet in education
Michelle Drouin and Lesa Vartanian (2008).
Do students need sense of community in online learning environments? Sense of community and student satisfaction, achievement, and retention in an online course. Quarterly Review of Distance Education.11 (3), 147–159.