The Effects of Jury Size, Evidence Complexity, and Note Taking on Jury Process and Performance in a Civil Trial
Journal of Applied Psychology
A total of 567 jury-eligible men and women who were assigned to 6- or 12-person juries saw a videotaped civil trial that contained either 1 or 4 plaintiffs. Half the juries took notes, whereas the remainder did not. Six-person juries that did not take notes awarded multiple plaintiffs the highest amounts of compensation. Six-person juries also gave the highest punitive damages when they did not take notes and judged multiple plaintiffs. The punitive awards of 6-person juries were highly variable compared with 12-person juries. Multiple plaintiffs also increased the unpredictability of jury punitive awards. Twelve-person juries deliberated longer, recalled more probative information, and relied less than 6-person juries on evaluative statements and nonprobative evidence. Limitations and implications are discussed.
jury size, evidence complexity, number of plaintiffs, note taking, jury process, jury performance, civil trial
I A. Horowitz and Kenneth S. Bordens (2002).
The Effects of Jury Size, Evidence Complexity, and Note Taking on Jury Process and Performance in a Civil Trial. Journal of Applied Psychology.87 (1), 121-130.