Does Shock Modifiability Contribute to Preference for Signaled Shock?
Animal Learning and Behavior
The central question asked was whether differential shock modification occurs (posturally induced differences in shock contact time) under signaled and unsignaled conditions using scrambled shock. Shock modifiability was tested with two different shock sources, intensities, and scrambling units by measuring the duration of time subjects were in contact with shock. Subjects were then given a choice between the signaled and unsignaled conditions. Results showed that differential modification of shock contact time did not occur between signaled and unsignaled conditions with any shock source, intensity, or scrambler unit. In addition, subjects preferred the signaled condition. It was concluded that experiments using scrambled shock are not confounded by posturally induced differences in shock contact time.
Pietro Badia and Bruce B. Abbott (1980).
Does Shock Modifiability Contribute to Preference for Signaled Shock?. Animal Learning and Behavior.8 (1), 110-115.