Faculty Sponsor

Brenda Lundy

Document Type



Department of Psychology

University Affiliation

Indiana University – Purdue University Fort Wayne


According to attachment theory (Bowlby, 1973) individuals construct “internal working models” based on interactions they experienced with attachment figures early in development. These internal working models are representations used to guide expectations of the self, others, and relationships between the two. Internal working models based on childhood memories of parental rejection have found to be associated with avoidant behaviors later on in adulthood. According to Leerkes and Crockenberg (2006) women who recalled emotional rejection during childhood demonstrated less empathy for distressed infants and displayed more negative emotions in response to infant distress.

Presentation Date


Included in

Psychology Commons



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