Indiana University – Purdue University Fort Wayne
Indiana has one of the highest infant mortality rates in the nation, and for black babies in Allen County the rate has been comparable to that of developing countries. The county’s overall infant mortality rate reached a staggering 9.5 deaths per 1,000 live births (Turner, 2010). Possible causes such as unsafe sleep practices, positioning of baby, prenatal care, and racial disparities have all been researched and proven to increase the risk of infant deaths. Infants being born preterm, which is defined as less than 37 weeks gestation, reached a devastating level of 12.9% of live births in Indiana in 2007. Another major concern for infants is being born with a low birth weight, which accounts for 8.5% of live births in Indiana (March of Dimes, 2010). Researching and understanding the factors that are contributing to infant mortality can greatly increase the education and awareness programs available for pregnant women. Our aim is to find out what is causing this high mortality rate and determine ways in which healthcare professionals can reach out to the community to improve infant health.
Heidi Buffenbarger, Al Domingo, Kaitlyn Jewell, and Michael Scheretie (2011).
Infant Mortality in Allen County Indiana: Causes and Solutions.