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Faculty Sponsor

Zafar Nazarov; Heather Tierney

Department/Program

Economics

Abstract

As a society, it is important that we care for our at risk expectant mothers and children through social programs. It is these individuals who are our future and will foster its success. The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program forWomen, Infants, and Children (WIC) has been proven to be one of the most effective government assistance programs in place. It decreases a child's consumption of sugar and reduces the rate of obesity within infants and children. The research conducted for this study will seek insight into the participation levels of theWIC program in relation to how much a state's government spends on the program. This study hypothesizes that as the spending on theWIC program declines, there will be a decline in the participation of the program. There were three main surveys from which data was collected: the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA); each covering all fifty states between the years 2011 and 2015. This study ran a multivariable regression and found that for every $1,000 increase in spending per person,WIC participation rates declined by 3.52%. This result suggests that states may have to cut individuals from the program in order to increase their per person spending. This suggests that the issue of the lack of participation within theWIC program lies within the federal government rather than the state government, and that the overall budget for the program, per state, needs to be adjusted.

Disciplines

Economics

WIC Participation Rates

Included in

Economics Commons

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