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The Internet of Things (IoT) concept has found wide applications in many areas such as healthcare, smart homes and buildings, smart cities, retail, energy, manufacturing, mobility and transportation, and logistics. However, IoT technologies have not yet been applied to space research. The overall goal of this project is to develop and implement a test-bed where we can experiment on applications of the IoT framework and technologies to research on space exploration. Specifically, an IoT prototype is implemented to facilitate the procedure of sensing, processing, and responding to useful data from remote planets. This prototype in the test-bed is built using Raspberry Pi microcontrollers, a pi-camera, and a moving robot. The movement of the robot can be controlled remotely through a web framework; that is, a user is able to send movement commands to the robot through a web browser. Meanwhile, the real-time video from the pi-camera is shown inside the browser. Such a prototype simulates space exploration by using sensors to detect useful data (e.g., visual terrain information) and control the movements of robots on the planet (e.g., Mars) in the test-bed. This research also helps us better understand the limitations of IoT technologies in space exploration. The limitations include, but are not limited to, camera quality, live- stream speed, and the processing speed of the Raspberry Pi controller. The contribution of this research is a basic prototype of an IoT-based system with off-the-shelf components for space exploration. Overall, this project provides a better understanding of space research.
Joshi, Urvi, "Space Exploration Using Internet of Things" (2018). 2018 IPFW Student Research and Creative Endeavor Symposium. 46.